as cities begin banning natural gas, states must embrace building electrification via smart policy
Utilities, in particular gas and electricity companies, publicly supported the initiative.
But Berkeley is not alone.
It leads a national trend that will reduce the demand for natural gas by building electrified.
\"Building electrified\" means exchanging fossilsfuel-
Power appliances for electrical appliances (
Or \"fuel switch \")
A large part of the building.
Several other cities in California, including Los Angeles and San Francisco, are considering the development of building electrified regulations, and New Jersey\'s draft energy master plan will end the use of natural gas in buildings by 2030, the new law in Maine will reduce the use of natural gas in buildings.
Meanwhile, eight states and Washington, D. C. C.
Puerto Rico has set 100% clean electricity targets.
As electricity is getting cleaner and cleaner, policy makers have to adopt a electricity policy to power buildings to help us get on the path to achieving our climate goals.
Building electrified has always been a neglected climate requirement: the United States is completely carbon-free. S.
The electricity industry will account for only 28% of total electricity generation in the United States. S.
Greenhouse gases (GHG)emissions.
To achieve the low-carbon development of the whole economy, it is necessary to solve the problems of all industries, especially the construction industry, accounting for 12% of the total U. S. economy. S. emissions.
In addition to the climate, building electricity can also help reduce consumption costs, integrate renewable energy and reduce air pollution.
Policymakers can use legislative and regulatory policy levers to power buildings.
Setting goals for new construction and transformation can help improve efficiency and build electrified, helping policy makers achieve the electrified goal while saving consumer money.
However, the establishment of clean electricity standards is a major first-step policy that helps with carbon-free power. The business-as-
Common risk of using fuel emitted by the natural gas construction industry to power buildings
Website accounts for 12% of the total economy
Commercial and residential buildings also consume more than 70% of America\'s total emissions. S. electricity.
Natural gas is the main fossil fuel used to heat buildings, and methane leakage associated with natural gas production and distribution increases its greenhouse gas impact
Increased demand for natural gas from new and existing buildings means more methane leaks.
Electricity includes the rest of the use of building energy, and the resulting greenhouse gas emissions are determined by the power mix in the utility sector.
Because our building inventory is 50 on average.
In 2050, policy makers must ensure that all new buildings are-
Electricity and renovation of existing buildings
The industry is harder to reach and bigger.
For years, natural gas has been considered a \"bridge fuel\" or \"middle zone\" between coal and carbon\"
Free energy, but in order to meet climate goals, we need to phase out natural gas in our building inventory.
Incorporating gas appliances into the building over the next few decades now locks into the use of natural gas, maintains or increases the demand for natural gas, while undermining the cost savings brought about by the electrical construction.
Policy makers should also consider the health impact of burning fossil fuels in buildings.
Using a natural gas stove in the kitchen can cause unhealthy indoor air quality conditions. “[D]
During the typical winter week, 1.
7 million people in California may be exposed [Carbon monoxide
Levels exceeding the ambient air standard and 12 million may be exposed to excess [
According to a study by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and Stanford University, if they do not use a ventilated range hood during cooking, the level will increase . \".
In addition to unhealthy air problems, natural gas poses considerable fire safety risks.
Existing technology enables building power-on technology to power homes and businesses efficiently and economically today, most notably heat pumps for heating and cooling spaces and water.
High heat pump efficiency;
Air source heat pump can reduce the electricity consumption by 50% compared with electrical resistor.
Heat pumps are not only much more efficient than old appliances, but they also win in efficiency compared to natural gas appliances.
Heat pump water heaters are three to five times more energy efficient than gas storage water heaters, and heat pumps perform well even in the coldest climate.
Efficient induction cookers are becoming more and more popular among elite chefs, which helps to make electric cookers the ideal choice for home and professional chefs.
Smart appliances also help reduce the economy
By dealing with real emissions
Try to match the time price signal of electricity consumption according to system conditions.
With more buildingsand vehicles)
Electricity, electricity demand will grow.
This means we have to optimize our investment in power infrastructure more wisely and keep our electricity costs low.
In addition, energy efficiency measures help to reduce total electricity demand as electricity is developed: Demand-
The side management plan can reduce energy use and also reduce peak demand.
For example, Texas grid operator ERCOT reduced peak demand by 3.
7% demand management was adopted in 2017.
In addition, a recent study found that consumers can save up to 25% of the use demand for electricity bills.
Response device in response to utility time-of-use tariff.
The study by the Rocky Mountain Institute found that in many cases, the cost of building electrified is higher
It is more effective than using fossil fuels during the service life of the equipment. New all-
Electricity construction almost always costs money.
High efficiency, the highest cost of renovation
This upgrade is effective when multiple device upgrades are carried out at the same time, or when customers bundle the electrified upgrade with roof solar, or switch from propane or oil.
What are the top state-
What is the construction electrified policy?
State decision makers play a vital role in building electrified because they develop regulations and standards, regulate utilities, and identify incentive plans.
There are indeed opportunities for building electrified at the federal and city levels, but they are more limited in scope and scale than state operations.
In addition, as countries focus on electricity carbon removal, they can continue to reduce emissions by developing carbon removal policies.
Smart policies can effectively make buildings low-carbon and help overcome barriers to accelerated adoption, such as upfront capital costs for electrical appliances, lack of efficiency funds, inconsistent building regulations, incentives and subsidies for natural gas infrastructure, outdated electricity regulations have hindered this process.
Here are the key tools that state policy makers should consider in building electrified: setting goals for success in building electrified across the state can guide the implementation of institutional policies and provide goals for stakeholders across the state. Three-to five-
Mid-year goals should be accompanied by long-term
Regular updates on the progress of the legislature.
Countries should also set annual targets for building renovation (
Major equipment upgrades and fuel switching should be included)
Complement the statewide targets for building emissions reduction.
The state should encourage the transformation of the combination of HVAC and electrical appliances, all-
Renovation and installation of building envelopes
Clean power generation on site (e. g. Solar energy on roof).
A project with economic incentives, including low
Interest loan, in-
Cash rebates for bill financing, property tax financing and point of sale, or cash rebates for dealers and contractors for building low-carbon modifications, can significantly improve the economy of the transformation.
High requirements for updating building codes-Efficiency, full
Power new buildings, with a focus on the fact that there should be a building energy regulation in the state of Fitsall, which should be automatically reviewed and revised every three years and should allow more stringent regulations in local jurisdictions
States should consider the adoption of the latest international energy regulation Council\'s International Energy Conservation regulation as an alternative to the development of national building energy regulations (
Although the electrified measures are not currently included, they can be added after passing).
Most of the current national building energy regulations only involve energy efficiency, but national regulations should also incorporate electrified measures, such as Berkeley\'s requirement that all new buildings must be built in fullelectric.
Today\'s building codes, however, do not usually affect existing buildings.
By including major building renovation measures, the building code can expand its scope, increase the building electrified rate and reduce all
Cost of building carbon removal.
Promote regulatory reform of power companies and encourage construction power companies to help customers power up by providing incentives, connecting customers with credible qualified contractors, and verifying the quality of equipment, once customers power up, it will affect the way they use electricity.
An optimal building electrified program should encourage customers to shift their use to cheaper, cleaner times for energy through pricing, incentives, and customer education. Performance-
Regulation-based regulation can help align utility incentives with climate and customer goals, providing financial incentives when utilities meet building electrified goals while maintaining peak demand growth and overall system costs
Consistent with reduced gas utilities, regulated gas utility infrastructure has a service life of 50-80 years.
Taking into account the need to arrive nearby
Zero emission economy
By 2050, we are still investing in new and existing pipelines for a safe climate and gas (and mixed-fuel)
The utility revenue model must be completely reorganized to ensure a smooth transition to full
Policy makers should re-
Assess the time when utilities allow new investments to depreciate in their pipeline systems, and carefully adjust the return on investment and compensation for stranded assets.
Policy makers should also consider fairness when designing and implementing low-carbon policies.
Taking into account the cost and benefits of the transformation, decentralized incentives and health and safety risks, it is important thatand middle-
Income and disadvantaged communities do not bear a proportionate cost and have ample opportunities to benefit from the construction of electricity.
Building electrified offers environmental and economic opportunities to achieve ambitious climate goals.
In order to achieve the speed and scale of the climate target, countries should adopt a policy of building electrified similar to the pioneering city.
National policymakers have a key role to play in electrified, which can eliminate our building emissions --
Fossil fuels are dense and unhealthy.
For utilities, it is time to encourage the construction of electric power, which enables consumers to adopt electrical appliances to bring comfort and service at affordable prices.